The Ethnic Minorities of Estonia: Changing Size, Location, and Composition

Tiit Tammaru &Hill Kulu 

Eurasian Geography and Economics, Vol 44, Iss. 2, 2003 

Two European geographers survey the change in numbers, location, and composition of Estonia's non-titular population utilizing census returns for the period 1934-2000. Much attention is devoted to an investigation of return migration of non-Estonians to other FSU republics in the 1990s. Also covered are changes in the spatial distribution of Estonia's minorities and the dynamics of age structure as a result of its natural evolution, the sharp decline in fertility, and emigration of younger cohorts. Additionally, the authors also investigate trends in employment affecting the country's principal ethnic minorities. 

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